Bankart repair surgery is a type of shoulder surgery that stabilizes and restores function to the shoulder, often following a severe shoulder dislocation.
What is bankart repair shoulder surgery?
Bankart repair surgery is carried out by an orthopedic surgeon to treat traumatic anterior (front) shoulder instability after vital shoulder cartilage and/or labrum has been torn. The surgery is typically arthroscopic (or keyhole) surgery, which is minimally invasive and leads to faster recovery times. The surgeon makes a small incision and small instruments, including a tiny camera, called an arthroscope, to perform surgery.
What does Bankart repair shoulder surgery treat?
Bankart repair surgery treats traumatic anterior (front) shoulder instability to restore shoulder function. Often this results from a major shoulder dislocation that weakens the shoulder. The shoulder is commonly dislocated during a fall or other collision when an arm is out to one side, for example, while skiing or playing another sport. The shoulder pops out of its socket and may pop back in itself or need to be put back in with medical assistance.
In this type of injury, the ligaments and cartilage that help keep the shoulder in its socket are torn. This is called a labral tear. Without Bankart repair surgery, the shoulder may not heal properly, even after physiotherapy. This can lead to more shoulder instability and injuries, as well as affecting work and sports and fitness activities.
Bankart repair surgery is most commonly recommended in cases where:
- The patient is between 15 and 40 years of age and has experienced a serious shoulder dislocation.
- X-Rays show damage to the shoulder ball or socket.
- The patient has difficulty throwing or performing similar actions involving the shoulder that highlight shoulder instability.
- Shoulder instability has not responded to physiotherapy.
Bankart repair shoulder surgery results
Bankart repair surgery restores function and stability to the shoulder in patients and helps reduce the risk of further injuries and dislocations due to shoulder instability. It also improves patients’ ability to more comfortably take part in daily activities and sports.
Preparing for bankart repair shoulder surgery
Patients may need to follow specific advice on what to eat and drink, and what medications to take or not take, within a certain time period before Bankart repair surgery. Cessation of smoking in weeks prior to surgery has proven beneficial to surgical outcomes.
What to expect with bankart repair shoulder surgery
Arthroscopic Bankart repair surgery requires general anesthesia. This means the patient is unconscious for the duration of the procedure.
The surgeon first makes a small incision at the front of the shoulder. This is large enough for small instruments, including an arthroscope (tiny camera) to guide them, to be inserted to perform the surgery.
The surgeon then uses sutures (rows of stitches that hold parts of the body together after surgery) to reattach the torn cartridge to part of the shoulder called the glenoid. More sutures reattach the shoulder joint capsule, which encircles the shoulder joint. The sutures are held in place by anchors in the bone, and both sutures and anchors eventually dissolve as the area heals.
Recovery after bankart repair shoulder surgery
After surgery, the patient is taken to a recovery room to be monitored in case there are any complications. Bankart repair surgery is typically outpatient surgery that doesn’t require an overnight stay. It is recommended that the patient has someone on-hand to drive them home.
Patients must wear a sling to keep the arm close to the body for four to six weeks and will be given instructions for what they should and shouldn’t do to ensure a full recovery. A course of physiotherapy may be recommended to strengthen the shoulder and restore full function.
Arthroscopic Bankart repair surgery is typically performed as a minimally invasive procedure, which means recovery can be faster and easier than after open surgery.
Get bankart repair shoulder surgery with Centric Health
Many men and women from across Canada and all over the world choose Centric Health Surgical Centres for Bankart repair surgery. Our orthopedic surgeons have years of experience and excellence in performance and outcome with this procedure. They are committed to helping you regain full motion in your shoulder so that you can take part in sports and other activities again. We strive to provide exceptional pre- and post-operative care. Combined with our patient-centred philosophy, we aim to provide all our patients with a compassionate, caring, and rewarding experience.
Next steps: Book your bankart repair consultation
If you are ready to discuss your Bankart repair shoulder surgery needs with our orthopedic surgeons, contact us to learn more and request a consultation today. To discover your health options your patient care coordinator will discuss:
- Your medical history
- Incision techniques
- Potential risks and complications