Hammertoe surgery treats a hammertoe, which is when the toe bends at the first joint of the toe.
What is a hammertoe?
A hammertoe is a bending of the toe at the first joint of the toe. This bending causes the toe to look like an upside-down V when looked at from the side. The second through fifth toes are most commonly affected, with hammertoes being more common in women than men.
There are two types of hammertoes; Flexible and Rigid. The flexible hammertoe is still moveable at the joint. It is less serious because it can be diagnosed and treated while it’s still in the developmental stage.
The rigid hammertoe is called that because the tendons have become tight, the joint misaligned and immobile. This type of hammertoe can be seen in people with severe arthritis or in patients who wait too long for professional treatment. Surgery is the usual course of treatment for a rigid hammertoe.
A hammertoe develops because of an imbalance in toe muscles, which causes increased pressure on the tendons and joints in the toe. This causes the bend in the toe. Arthritis, trauma, heredity and simply wearing shoes that are too tight and narrow can cause hammertoes. Both women and men can suffer from hammertoes.
What to expect with hammertoe treatment
The traditional forefoot reconstruction option covered by most provincial healthcare plans is the Kirschner Wire (K-Wire)
A very common surgical option is to remove part or all of the bone and cartilage in the joint and insert a pin or a Kirchner Wire (A K-Wire is a sterilized stainless steel pin), which allows the two sections of your toe to fuse together. The K-Wire protrudes from the toe for 4-6 weeks to allow for proper healing. The protruding wire commonly causes difficulty for the patient to perform normal daily activities such as working, driving, bathing and sleeping. K-Wires can be painful, uncomfortable and prone to infection. The wound in the toe is open with a K-Wire and can lead to a pin-tract infection, which can complicate recovery. The instability of the wire often results in hammertoe reoccurrence.
Once the toe is healed, the K-Wire needs to be removed. This procedure can be painful.
The benefits of using a K-Wire are:
- A relatively quick procedure
- Technically straightforward
Nextradesis® – hammertoe correction surgery
Nextradesis® is an advanced implant technology procedure that is designed to fuse the joint surfaces in the toe in order to treat hammertoes. This procedure serves as an alternative to the K-Wire method of hammertoe correction surgery. In order to fuse the two sections of the toe, K-Wire would take the place of bone and cartilage in the joint. K-Wire would be inserted into the bone and would stay in place for four to six weeks. Patients find it difficult to resume normal activities and are often prone to infection. Most unfavorable is the fact that this hammertoe correction surgery is very painful.
Nextradesis® utilizes the Nextra® Hammertoe Correction System to allow fusion of the joint surfaces and to eliminate the need for any wire insertion into the toe. Nextradesis® has made significant advances in hammertoe correction surgery by designing a secure, stable implant interface. The RevLock™ ratcheting cam system works with the natural healing process and includes an adjustable locking feature so the surgeon has total control in case the implant needs to be readjusted.
After Nextradesis® hammertoe correction surgery, patients can return to work and normal activities, bathe more regularly and sleep more peacefully.
Nextradesis® hammertoe correction surgery benefits
- No K-Wires and Screws
- No Interruption of Daily Activities
- No Risk of Infection from Wires
- No More Bending or Curling Toes
- No More Swelling or Stiffness
There are many benefits for a patient considering hammertoe correction surgery using the Nextra® system, and there are significant benefits for doctors as well. The Nextradesis® procedure allows for more stability, compression, adjustability, and precision, which means successful hammertoe correction for you.
The symptoms of a hammertoe can include the following:
- Pain on top of the bent toe from shoe pressure
- Corns on the top of the bent toe
- Redness and inflammation
- Joint stiffness
- Painful movement
- Pain in the ball of the foot at the base of the toe
- Open sores
Get a hammertoe surgery with Centric Health
Many men and women from across Canada and around the world choose Centric Health Surgical Centres for hammertoe surgery. Our surgeons have years of experience and excellence in performance and outcome with this procedure. We strive to provide exceptional pre- and post-operative care. Combined with our patient-centred philosophy, we aim to provide all our patients with a compassionate, caring, and rewarding experience.
Next steps: Book your hammertoe surgery consultation
If you are ready to discuss your hammertoe surgery needs with our surgeons, contact us to learn more and request a consultation today. To discover your health options your patient care coordinator will discuss:
- Your medical history
- Incision techniques
- Potential risks and complications